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Biographies

Life and work of some of the great Argentine politics, literature writers, musicians, sport players, artists of the history.

Juan Domingo Perón

Born in Buenos Aires in October 8, 1895. At the age of 16 he entered the Military College and did a brilliant achievement in the military ranks. Served to Italy as an observer and witness the success of the fascists and Nazis in the'30s. He published several works on history and philosophy. In 1943 he was part of the overthrow of the civilian government of the time, from what was the role of Secretary of Labor and Social Welfare. In 1945 he became Vice President and Minister of War, gaining popularity among the working class, known as the "descamisados" and in the army, which was admired and had great authority.
In October of that year, Perón was removed from office by a civil-military uprising. But in October 17th, Perón was released thanks to strong pressure from the union of workers gathered thanks to his beautiful and enterprising mistress, Eva Duarte. This is how he began his career as leader of the workers, after being released the same night he gave a speech to more than 300,000 people where he promised to lead the nation to victory, and make it fair and strong. He married Eva Duarte days later and it was she who helped him lead Argentina in the years that followed. In 1946, Peron won the election with 56% of the vote.
During his administration the country was undergoing a course of industrialization and economic intervention, where the working class was encouraged to receive increases, benefits and favors. In addition, trains were nationalized and large public works where created. What is more, the first government of Peron relied on a doctrine known as PJ, a strong ideology, contrary to capitalism of the United States and Communism of Great Britain, he aimed to make Argentina emerge in a third position.
His second term in 1951, he faced terrible corruption, oppression and inflation in the country. The government was going through difficult times when in 1952, Eva Peron eventually died of cancer, which caused the total weakening of Peron and the people. It was the perfect time to overthrow this government, and that was how after an uprising of the army and navy Peron was exiled to Paraguay. Peron chose to travel and settle in Madrid, from where he continued working to keep alive his forces and followers. It was in Madrid where he met his third wife, Maria Estela Martinez, an argentina dancer, with whom he married in 1961.
In 1971, General Alejandro Lanusse seized power with the aim of restoring democracy and allow the participation of political parties. In this way, Peron was invited to return. Back in November 1972 for a short time but in March 1973, the Peronist party won elections in October and he was elected president for the third time in the nation.
He died on July 1, 1974 leaving his wife, who had no experience in politics, as President.

Eva Perón

Born in 1919 in Los Toldos, Buenos Aires. At the age of 14 she moved to the capital of Buenos Aires to achieve her dream of becoming an actress. It was working on a radio program where she first met her future husband, Juan Domingo Peron in 1944. Known by the people as "Evita," she had a vital role throughout the presidency of her husband. A woman with an extraordinary character, a single force, who led charity and welfare programs and it was devotedly loved by the working class and deeply hated by the anti-Peronist.
He died of cancer in 1952, which left the city in mourning, crowds arrived every day to visit her grave and several cities were named after her.
During the militar government her body was hidden in Milan. Now it rests in the Recoleta Cemetery in Argentina.

Carlos Gardel

Tacurembó the Born December 11, 1887. Scholars differ among themselves, some argue that he was French, others say he was Uruguayan.
Known as "The little French" or "the Abasto brunet", he grew up in the suburbs where he sang for a few coins in the cafes or restaurants of the Abasto. In 1912, with Francisco Martino,they  created a duo which in 1913 became a quartet with Saul Salinas and José Razzano. Finally, but in the end it was the Gardel-Razzano duo that lasted until 1925, the year in which Gardel began his career in the field of tango.
Gardel began his journey as well. In Spain he recorded several albums, singing in Paris with Josephine Barker, a great actress in those days, a festival to benefit. ESRAB developing her successful career as an actor and singer, he worked for Francisco Deffilipis in "Peach Flower" and "The wolf" in Buenos Aires in France recorded "Wait" and "The house would be" until Paramount puts it in Contact Alfredo Le Pera, who became her manager and was the author of all the scripts and the lyrics sung by Gardel. Finally filmed in United States, "Melody de Arrabal", "El Tango en Broadway", "The day I want" and "Tango Bar".
Gardel became known and admired worldwide, made and marked the history of cinema, art and culture in the world. On June 24, 1935, at the climax of his career, while a realizava GITROS throughout Latin America, suffered a crash at the airport in Medellin, Colombia, which led to his death and his companions, and Le Pera guitarists Guillermo Barbieri Riverol and Sunday, and the rest of the passengers, seventeen people died. Only survived with severe burns on the third guitarist José María Aguilar and two other passengers. The plane was traveling in crashed into another aircraft parked on the runway which caused a terrible fire.
Her wake was at the Luna Park and a crowd was present there. It is a mausoleum built in his honor at the Chacarita cemetery, where he now rests in peace.
Singer, dancer, actor, tango symbol, who shows the very essence of the tango. Carlos Gardel is a legend worldwide.

Jorge Luis Borges

Born in Buenos Aires on August 24, 1899. In 1914 he moved with his family to Geneva, where he made his high school. In 1921, again in Buenos Aires, he began writing his first poems in 1923 and published his first book in 1923, "Fervor de Buenos Aires". In 1924, literary journals and published two books, "moon face" and "Inquisiciones. In 1925 Borges was already recognized in the literary field. Then he began to write stories about the suburbs, tango,  fights between men, one of them was "Man of the Pink Corner ". He also began writing fantasy and magic stories. This was how he became one of the best and most prestigious writers of the twentieth century. Some of his works: The Garden of Forking paths (1941), Ficciones (1944), The Aleph (1949), Death and the Compass (1951), The report Brodie (1970), The Book of Sand (1975) .
He died in Geneva, Switzerland on June 14, 1986.

Julio Cortázar

Born in Brussels, Belgium on August 26, 1914. He is the master of the short story, the prose and the story soon. It was he who broke with traditional forms of literature, to impose new ways of writing. Including autonomous characters and psychological depth. He was one of the most brilliant writers and intellectuals, the square located in Honduras and Serrano bears his name. He died in Paris in February 1984. Some of his works are: Bestiary, 1951 (stories) Awards, 1960 (novel); Stories Cronopios and FAMAS, 1962 (Miscellaneous) Letter to a lady in Paris, 1963; Rayuela, 1963 (novel), The Highway South, 1964, All Fires the Fire, 1966 (stories). The copyright of several of his works were donated to help the political prisoners from various countries, including Argentina.

Astor Piazolla

Born March 11, 1924 in Mar del Plata. At the age of 9 he started playing the bandoneon (a gift from his father). With only eleven years old performed hi first tango called "Step by step towards the 42" and was already playing on the radio WMCE imitating Mozart, Bach, Rossini, among other greats. At thirteen he was an expert playing the bandoneon. What is more, he had a role in the movie "The day I want it" as canillita and played in the orchestra that accompanied Gardel in the film. His gifts led him to work for several orchestras, to act and to play the bandondeon with Miguel Caló at Anibal Troilo. He was director, composer, one of the best bandoneon players of history, directed his own music group with which he revolutionized the Tango. Some of his greatest hits are: "Balada para un loco", "China Wall", the four parts of "Press" and the music of several films, "Adiós Nonino" (a tribute to his father ), "Winter Aires, Buenos Aires Zero Hour," "Revolutionary", "Portrait of Alfredo Gobbi, Kicho," Sidereal "," What will come, "" Fracanapa, Decarísimo, Calambre " "Nonino," "Tango of the angel," "Contrabajísimo", "Milonga Loca," "Pygmalion," "The same penalty, Menefrega" (the latter three with Homero Expósito), some waltzes such as "Chiquilín of Bachín".

Antonio Berni

Born in 1905 in Rosario, Santa Fe Painter, illustrator and muralist, one of the best offered to the country world. His works can be seen at the Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes. He died in Buenos Aires in 1981.

Benito Quinquela Martin

Born in 1890 in Buenos Aires. Painter, writer and muralist. He was the one who painted and played the neighborhood of La Boca was like no other, showing his true essence, people and houses. His works have been exhibited at the Museum Quinquela Martin. He died in 1977.

Osvaldo Pugliese

Born December 2, 1905. Since the boy was interested in music, began playing the flute and violin. Once at the conservatory he discovered that his instrument was piano. Little by little he started gaining confidence until in 1924 he performed his first song "Memory"  and in 1939 he played at the National Coffee with his musical grouo, two events that marked the success of his career. Admired pianist, composer and director, his style was characterized by a chopped and dancing rhythm.
He died in 1994 in Buenos Aires in 89 years.
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