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Outdoors and Ecotourism
Ecotourism is based on the main principle of the Rio de Janeiro Declaration about Development and Environment. It stimulates a positive holiday formula for visited lands, with a low environmental and cultural impact, that favours, from a socioeconomic point of view, the participation of local people. The concept of tourism that is held invites to travel and visit natural areas, to enjoy, appreciate and study its attractions (landscapes, flora, fauna) and the cultural manifestations. It also implyes becoming aware of the human steps and the deadly trace we leave in the beaches: nylon bags, all kind of plastics left in the shore which area carried to the sea by the wind or the tide, where it can be wandering for several years without decomposing.
Buzios has a particular geography, ideal for sports and fun. It offers countless hidden paths and passeges for mountain bike or trekking.
For those adventurous and nature lovers, Buzios is the place you are looking for. Paradisiacal beaches, magnificent landscapes with rich fauna and flora both terrestrial and maritime. Nature and men are in direct contact.
In the center of the city, you can rent bikes and equipments, maps, instructors and guides.
300 meters away from the beach of Ferradura, the rocky formation retain clean and crystaline waters from the waves that break against the rocks of more than 520 million years. Ponta da Lagoinha is the historic guarantee that Buzios was a region with the same features that the Himalaya. Due to its difficult access, ponta da Lagoinha is very private and ideal to perceive the nature´s energy: from the rocky formations, natural pools, abundant sea fauna and native vegetation, including white head cactus, that grow only in this coasts. People who decide to visit it choose meditation and fishing.
Puntas das Emerências: one of the most crowded places in Buzios, is found to the right of Tucuns beach. “Serra das Emerências” with typical and rare examples of Atlantic plants. In this region the almost extinct Golden Lion Monkeys can still be found and as amazing as it sounds, many Pau-Brasil trees. The mountain is characterized by little coastal clumps, where endemic species stand out, such as the cactus "Piloso Sereus Ulei". In places protected from the wind, where sand movement is less, vegetation develops more, bushes and trees predominate. The decree creating the Environmental Preservation Area (EPA) of the Pau-Brasil, protects six beaches and six islands from the coast of Cabo Frio and Buzios. That decree bans the cut downs, hunting, lotification, opening of mines and activities, at least for the next five years, period for the elaboration of a management plan of the EPA. Inside the EPA there are 12 thousand square meters of pau-brasil reservation, that is studied and monitored by a Botanical Garden in Rio. The protected area is around 14 areas of Brasil, considered rich in endemic vegetation and center of diversification of plants. From the 14 areas, only two are in Rio: the Atlantic Clump and the shore of Cabo Frio and Buzios.
It has a little hidden beach, a rocky formation with amazing views to the beaches of João Fernandez, João Fernandinho and Praia Brava. "Ponta do Criminoso" is located on the right side of João Fernandinho beach and it very visited by fishermen and divers as it is famous for its great variety of fishes.
Reserva de Tauá: it is an archeological, anthropological and geological reserve. Through natural paths in Tauá, you can find a great diversity of bromelias, cactus and exotic lianas. It is a green mysterious maze, with several containers full of fruits to feed wild animals along the way. It is possible to see “hand peeled” monkey, "cachorros-do-mato" wolves, "macacos-prego" monkeys, cotias, tatus and many other species in danger of extinction. As regards bromelias, they do an amazing show with their diversity and colors.
A museum located in the reserve keeps the file of works of artists from Buzios. It is in an area of around 100 thousand square meters, where there used to be sea 6.000 or 7.000 years ago. You can still see the floor covered with white shells. It is esteemed that the 40% of the 1.300 bromelias species in Brasil are in Taua.
The Reserve occupies approximately three million square meters, full of vegetable formations typical of the region, that are the shelters and homes of migrating birds. Birds, travel 2400 kilometers to get to Buzios.
An interesting aspect is the fossil beach, which existed between 4.500/7.500 b.C. and was covered by the sea. Later when the sea draw in the beach reemerged. Trying to rescue the brazilian culture, the ambientalist built an indigenous structure with all the objects made by the guarani indians. Baptized “Casa da Reza”, the building requiered 10.800 straws from the guaricanga palm trees tighten with trees skin.
How to get: Rasa neighborhood, secondary street, 3 kilometers of dirt road.
Restinga de Tucuns: along Trilha das Pitangueiras we find many of these trees of “restinga”, vegetation from the coast of Rio de Janeiro. It is part of the Park or Reserve "EPA do Pau Brasil" (Environmental Preservation Area) it covers 9.940 hectares, including the continental, insular and maritime areas. The Lakes Region, Rio de Janeiro, in the land between Tucuns beach in Buzios and the Itajutu Canal in Cabo Frio, is target of constant intervention due to the property growth, tourism, urbanization and implementation of illegal trade.
Camino para las pozas: Pozas das Tartarugas are pools of saltwater between a wall of rocks and the sea. For adventurers, this is a rare show of nature. Figures with the rocks and volcanic dikes makes the wells where water from the sea falls, creating an exuberant waterfall of saltwater with different levels. Anytime the sea or tide are choppy you will be able to see this natural show. To get to "Pozas das Tartarugas" you only have to follow the natural paths begining in "dos Amores" beach, on the left side of "Ferradurinha". Access is not easy and inexperienced should count with the orientation of a guide or local information.
Caboclo Island: 200 meters from the pier of do Canto beach, considered an ecological reserve. Excellent point for amateur fishing.